Readings & Links

Whether your journey of cultural discovery is just beginning, or you are a seasoned cross-cultural helping professional, I invite you to browse this collection of resources to find something that speaks to you. The following links and readings are organized according to their focus and complexity.

Print Resources


Arthur, N.,& Collins, S. (2010) Culture-infused counselling: Celebrating the Canadian mosaic. Calgary, AB: Counselling Concepts.

Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2008). Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Foundational Articles:

American Psychological Association. (2002). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. Washington, DC: Author.

Arthur, N., & Collins, S. (2010). Culture-infused counselling: A model for developing multicultural competence. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 217–233. doi:10.1080/09515071003798212

Canadian Psychological Association (2001). Guidelines for non-discriminatory practice. Retrieved from: www.cpa.ca/cpasite/userfiles/Documents/publications/NonDiscPractrev%20cpa.pdf

Sue, D. W., Arredondo, P., & McDavis, R. J. (1992). Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 477–483.

 Applied Articles:

Bernal, G., Bonilla, J., & Bellido, C. (1995). Ecological validity and cultural sensitivity for outcome research: Issues for cultural adaptation and development of psychosocial treatments with Hispanics. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 67–82.

Hays, P. A. (2009). Integrating evidence–based practice, cognitive–behavior therapy, and multicultural therapy: Ten steps for culturally competent practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40(4), 354–360. doi:10.1037/a0016250

Hwang, W. (2006). The psychotherapy adaptation and modification framework: Application to Asian Americans. American Psychologist, 61(7), 702–715. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.61.7.702

Rapacki, T. M., & McBride, D. L. (2014, July). From awareness to practice: An online workshop on bringing culture into the counselling room. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED545469). [Available at: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED545469.pdf]

Advanced Readings:

Atkinson, D. R., Thompson, C. E., & Grant, S. K. (1993). A three-dimensional model for counseling racial/ethnic minorities. The Counseling Psychologist, 21(2), 257–277. doi:10.1177/0011000093212010

Benish, S. G., Quintana, S., & Wampold, B. E. (2011). Culturally adapted psychotherapy and the legitimacy of myth: A direct-comparison meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(3), 279–289. doi:10.1037/a0023626

Day-Vines, N., Wood, S., Grothaus, T., Craigen, L., Holman, A., Dotson-Blake, K., & Douglass, M. (2007). Broaching the subjects of race, ethnicity, and culture during the counseling process. Journal of Counseling and Development, 85(3), 402–410. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2007.tb00608.x

Hwang, W. (2009). The formative method for adapting psychotherapy (FMAP): A community-based developmental approach to culturally adapting therapy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40(4), 369–377. doi:0.1037/a0016240

Hwang, W., Myers, H. F., Abe-Kim, J., & Ting, J. Y. (2008). A conceptual paradigm for understanding culture's impact on mental health: The cultural influences on mental health (CIMH) model. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(2), 211–227. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2007.05.001

Hwang, W., & Wood, J. J. (2007). Being culturally sensitive is not the same as being culturally competent. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 3(3), 44–50.

Kleinman, A., Eisenberg, L., & Good, B. (2006). Culture, illness, and care: Clinical lessons from anthropologic and cross-cultural research. FOCUS: The Journal of Lifelong Learning in Psychiatry, 4, 140–149.

La Roche, M., & Christopher, M. S. (2008). Culture and empirically supported treatments: On the road to a collision? Culture & Psychology, 14(3), 333–356. doi:10.1177/1354067X08092637

Leong, F. T. L. (2007). Cultural accommodation as method and metaphor. American Psychologist, 14(5), 915–922. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.916

Miranda, J., Bernal, G., Lau, A., Kohn, L., Hwang, W., & LaFromboise, T. (2005). State of the science on psychosocial interventions for ethnic minorities. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 113–142. doi:10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.1.102803.143822

Sue, S. (1998). In search of cultural competence in psychotherapy and counseling. American Psychologist, 53(4), 440–448.

Walker, S. C., Trupin, E., & Hansen, J. (2011). A toolkit for applying the cultural enhancement model to evidence-based practice. Retrieved from: http://depts.washington.edu/pbhjp/downloads/projectsD/models_for_changeD/Toolkit%20Cultural%20Enhancement%20Model.pdf

Zane, N., Sue, S., Chang, J., Huang, L., Lowe, S., Srinivasan, S, ... Lee, E. (2005). Beyond ethnic match: effects of client–therapist cognitive match in problem perception, coping orientation, and therapy goals on treatment outcomes. Journal of Community Psychology, 33(5), 569–585. doi:10.1002/jcop.20067

Online Resources

The Hofstede Centre

Contains information on National differences in culture,l including graphs and visualizations.

Session/Outcome Rating Scales

Dr. Scott D. Miller's website features brief Session and Outcome rating scales for clients, translated into multiple languages, and available at no cost.

Culture and Acculturation Survey Instruments

A continually updated catalogue of instruments for the assessment of Culture and Acculturation.

Cultural Enhancement Toolkit

A toolkit for applying the cultural enhancement model to evidence-based practice.

Need More Help?

Making sure that there are enough culturally-responsive mental health services available in our communities is a group effort. Tom is glad to support students and mental health professionals on their journeys towards greater cultural awareness.